Summer School




Life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) refers to the evaluation of all environmental, social and economic negative impacts caused by a process, product and/or service and highly influences the decision-making processes towards more sustainable products throughout their life cycle.

Increasing interest in methods to better understand and address the impacts of products along their life cycle has been stimulated by a growing global awareness of the importance of protecting the environment; an acknowledgment of the risks of trade-offs between possible impacts associated with manufactured and consumed products; and the necessity of taking account of climate change issues and biodiversity from a holistic perspective.

Potential and future decision-makers, stakeholders, enterprises and consumers can benefit from LCSA in the following ways:

  • LCSA organizes complex environmental, economic and social information and data in a structured form, showing enterprises the full spectrum of impacts associated with their products and services. Moreover, as a result, it gives a normalized quantitative value which may be easily compared with the results obtained by other researchers all around the world, so, in a more and more competitive and globalized world, the use of this kind of tools is becoming a necessity for most of the companies.
  • The information provided by these analyses clarifies the trade-offs between the three sustainability pillars, life cycle stages and impacts, products and generations by providing a more comprehensive picture of the positive and negative impacts along the product life cycle. As a result, enterprises and value chain actors stimulate innovation in order to become more responsible thanks to the design of improvements of the product life cycle. As a consequence, environmental aspects are considered as the same level of importance as economic and social ones.
  • Transparent LCSA information of benefits of products designed according to sustainable pillar can be included in labeling of products, supporting consumers in determining which products are not only cost-efficient, eco-efficient or socially responsible, but also more sustainable.
  • Nowadays, this kind of analysis are required in almost all the commercial fields, as they can be used for marketing, design, optimization and many other purposes.

In consequence, it is necessary to encourage the development of courses to apply a minimum of ‘life cycle literacy’ to university students across various disciplines by increasing the availability, visibility and quality of their teaching on life cycle thinking but also encouraging critical systems thinking.

Short description

The course aims to address a complete introduction to the methodology of the life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) as a tool for decision-making to promote sustainable development based on the evaluation of the environmental life cycle (LCA), the life cycle cost (LCC) as well as social life cycle assessment (S-LCA). The role of LCA will be discussed in the context of the circular economy as a fundamental tool to close the loop of processes and products. In addition, the development of case studies in different production systems such as construction, water management or agri-food industry is planned.

The aim is to raise awareness to researchers from different fields and with a multidisciplinary perspective about the importance of more sustainable processes and products. Likewise, it will try to support those who are interested in carrying out holistic evaluations of the environmental and social impacts of a product throughout its life cycle. Multidisciplinarity is guaranteed since the LCSA addresses the three dimensions of sustainability: environmental, economic and social. Both the profile of the teachers and the heterogeneous students’ origin ensure a collaborative and cooperative learning environment. GaBi LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) software will be used in the development of case studies in industrial symbiosis in the context of the circular economy to help students to acquire skills in understanding areas like industrial processes, transport modeling, human and ecological toxicity, and to know the existing inventories, inputs and outputs databases and sources to carry out this type of analyses.


Both, lecture and practical sessions are included, as they complement each other. The first is focused on basic concepts and theoretical aspects of LCSA and the second is designed to solve exercises and analyse real life products and/or processes to improve the skills of the students in the use of commercial tools which may be applied in their future professional careers.

On that basis, this course will be divided into different sessions according to the topic and the main lecturer. In total, 9 sessions will be carried out, according with the following timetable:

Monday 26/6/2023
9:00-9:30PresentationMontserrat ZamoranoUGR
9:30-11:00Session 1. Introduction to Life Cycle Sustainability AssessmentAlessandra BonoliUBO
15:00-17:00Session 2. Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment in Decision MakingValentin MolinaUGR
Tuesday 27/6/2023
9:00-11:00Session 3. Fundamentals of ecotoxicology in LCA analysisAlberto PivatoUPD
11:30-13:30Session 4. Introduction to Gaby softwareLuz Marina Ruiz
Jesús Fernández
Wednesday 28/6/2023
9:00-13:00Session 5. Life Cycle Assessment. Cases study (student's lab)Alessandra Bonoli
Sara Zanni
15:00-17:30Session 6. Life Cycle Cost. Cases study (student's lab)Alessandra Bonoli
Eleonora Foschi
Thursday 29/6/2023
9:00-11:30Session 7. Social Life Cycle. Cases study (student's lab)Alessandra Bonoli
Sara Zanni
12:00-13:30Session 8. Industrial symbiosis in the context of the circular economy and role of LCAMaria Cristina LavagnoloUPD
Friday 30/6/2023
9:00-14:00Session 9. Case study covering LCA in some examples of industrial symbiosis and circular economy (student's lab)Manuele DabalàUPD
14:00-14:15Course closingJaime MartínUGR
UGR: University of Granada
UPD: University of Padova
UBO: University of Bologna

Social and cultural activities

The following social and cultural activities will be organized to be developed for teachers and students:

Monday 26 (18:00)Muslim sweets and tea tasting
Tuesday 27 (time depending on availability)Guided visit to Generalife and Alhambra (2 hours)
Wednesday 28 (18:00) Guided visit “De la Granada musulmana a la Granada Cristiana” (2,5 hours)